Jan. 1, 1835     San Diego gains town or pueblo status and of the 432 people living in Old Town, 13 were entitled to vote for the first city council  and  ma
yor.


Jan. 1, 1915  The 640 acre Panama-California Exposition began it's two year run.


Jan. 2, 1892  15 year old Annie Moore from Ireland becomes the first immigrant to pass through Ellis Island.  Ellis Island would welcome over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. before closing in 1954.   Today, more than 40% of Americans can trace their roots through this gateway to America.


Jan. 3, 1853     The San Diego County Board of Supervisors holds its first meeting.


Jan. 3, 1956     Noted Architect William Wheeler died.  Wheeler's local work includes Eagles Hall, Balboa Theater, Temple Beth Israel, Immaculate Conception Church, All Saints Episcopal Church, and Klauber-Wangenheim Building.


Jan. 5, 1852    The Treaty of Temecula was signed by 29 tribes which would have returned the Temecula Rancho lands to their possession.  The United States Senate failed to ratify the treaty and thus the treaty never materialized.


Jan 5, 1931    Lemon Grove Grammar School principal Jerome Green, acting under instructions from school trustees, turns away Mexican children at the schoolhouse door.  The landmark lawsuit resulting from the “Lemon Grove Incident” becomes the first successful school desegregation court decision in the history of the United States.


Jan. 7, 1908      The USS Bennington monument at Fort Rosecrans was dedicated.  The 75-foot gray granite obelisk was erected above the graves of sailors killed in a boiler explosion in San Diego Harbor on July 21, 1905.


Jan.7, 1909      Alonzo E. Horton, known as the “Father of San Diego” died at age 95.  The following day, an estimated 8,000 residents of San Diego County filed past Horton’s bier in Elks Hall at Second and D streets to pay homage.


Jan. 7, 1913     The all-time low temperature for San Diego of 25 degrees was recorded.


Jan. 8, 1913    A severe freeze hits the region and many orchards are damaged beyond recovery, which led to economic ruin for many.


Jan. 8, 1964      Point Loma High School senior Randy Gardner set a record by staying awake for 264 hours from Dec. 28 to Jan. 8.


Jan. 9, 1873     Regionally significant Architect, William Wheeler is born in Australia.   Mr. Wheeler is responsible for the Balboa Theater, Eagles Hall, Temple Beth Israel and the Immaculate Conception Church.


Jan. 10, 1911          Major Jimmie Erickson shot the first photograph from an

                    Airplane while flying over San Diego.



Jan. 12, 1978     Alligator Rock, an often-photographed rock formation in La Jolla, fell in a heavy storm.


Jan. 13, 1968    Buffalo Springfield played the San Diego Sports Arena.


Jan. 16, 1919     The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution,

                            prohibiting the "manufacture, sale, or transportation

                           of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes," is ratified

                           on this day in 1919 and becomes the law of the land.


Jan. 18, 1888     Moosa Canyon gunfight takes place 18 miles inland

                           from Oceanside, leaving four people dead in a

                           squabble over land none of them owned.


Jan. 24, 1848     The discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill starts the California Gold Rush.


Jan 26, 1911     Glenn Hammond Curtiss makes the world’s first successful seaplane flight form waters of Spanish Bight, a mile-long stretch between North Island and Coronado (now filled in).


Jan. 26, 1988     San Diego hosts its first Super Bowl, in Jack Murphy Stadium.  The Washington Redskins beat  the Denver Broncos 42-10.


Jan. 26, 1917     The Chollas Heights Navy Radio Transmitter

                           begins operation as the most powerful radio

                           transmitter in the world.  The transmitter was a

                           part of a world wide system enabling the first

                           global communication.  The Chollas Heights

                           Transmitter was the first receiver of news of

                           the attack on Pearl Harbor to the mainland.


Jan. 27, 1916     Otay Dam breaks, killing many and inflecting great property damage.

                            Rainmaker, Charles Hatfield was employed by the City Council to end a severe           

                            drought.  After widespread  flooding, the City refused to pay him.


Jan. 29, 1847    The Mormon Battalion arrives in San Diego, without ever fighting a battle.  Five companies totaling 500 men had been mustered in a at Council Bluffs, Iowa on July 16, 1846, along with some 34 women and 51 children, to join U.S. forces in the war with Mexico. 


Jan. 31, 1848     The military Governor of California, John C. Fremont is court marshalled for

                           mutiny and disobeying orders.  The popular explorer of early California is

                           pardoned by the President and later becomes one of the new State’s first

                           Senators.


 
This Day in San Diego History

1915 Panama-California Exposition

January





Feb. 2, 1848The Treaty of Gauadallupe Hidalgo is signed, ending the war between Mexico and the United States.


Feb. 8, 1836Davy Crockett and his band of Tennessee volunteers arrive at the Alamo.


Feb. 10, 1893 The Campo Indian Reservation is created near the town of Campo.


Feb. 10, 1907Work is completed to seal the breach in the Colorado River that created the Salton Sea.


Feb. 17, 1911Curtiss Triad seaplane is lifted on and off 

                                              

                           deck of cruiser Pennsylvania on San Diego Bay in first practical

                           display of naval aviation.


Feb. 14, 1912President Taft signs an act that established Arizona   as the 48th state.


Feb. 18, 1850Los Angles County is created as one of the original 28 counties of California.


Feb. 19, 1888The Hotel del Coronado opens it doors.  Fun
ded by railroad tycoon Elisha

                            Babcock and designed by the

                            prominent architect, James Reid of

                            the Reid brothers.   


Feb. 19, 1942President Roosevelt ordered internment of Japaneses-Americans in California.


Feb. 22, 1889San Diego celebrates opening of the San Diego Flume.  The flume is an open wooden ditch which crossed ravines and canyons by means of high wooden trestles and brings much needed water to a rapidly growing population.


Feb. 22, 1978The Electric Building, park of the 1915 Exposition, burns down, the result of arson.


Feb. 23, 1922Navy establishes destroyer base at 32nd Street.  By November, 84 ships are stationed there.


Feb. 23, 1942In the first bombing raid against the continental United States, a Japanese

                           submarine fired approximately 13 shells against the Barnsdall Oil Refinery.

                           California, about 12 miles west of Santa Barbara.


Feb. 23, 1836The siege of the Alamo begins with 4,000

                           Mexican troops surrounding 144 Texans

                           and Americans, which includes William B.

                           Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett. 


Feb. 24, 1836"The enemy has demanded surrender at

                            discretion, otherwise the garrison is to be

                            put to the sword, if the fort is taken.  I have

                            answered the demand with a cannon

                            shot, and our flag still waves proudly from

                            the wall."   William Barrett Travis,

                            The Alamo


Feb. 25, 1854Sacramento became the State Capital.


Feb. 28, 1926The Fine Arts Gallery, within Balboa Park, designed by William Templeton Johnson, opens it doors to the public.

 

February





March 3, 1931President Herbert Hoover signs a Congressional Act establishing the Star Spangle Banner as the National Anthem.  Francis Scott Key wrote the song after witnessing the September 14, 1814 British bombardment at Fort McHenry.


March 6, 1836The Mexican attack on the Alamo begins at dawn. Only a mother, child and slave survive in the Alamo.  Six weeks later the Texans soundly defeat the Mexicans at San Jacinto with the battle cry “Remember the Alamo!”


March 8, 1978The world famous Old Globe Theatre in Balboa Park burns to the ground in an arson fire.


March 10, 1912The International Worker of the World (“Wobblies”) protest downtown, drawing a crowd of nearly 5000 people.  The fight for “free speech” ends in May when Emma Goldman leaves town and Ben Reitman is tarred and feathered.


March 11, 1889Orange County is created out of the southeast portion of Los Angles County.


March 12, 1938Hitler occupies Austria.


March 13, 1897The State Normal School, the beginning of what is now San Diego State University, is founded for the
training of elementary school teachers.

March 17, 1986The Villa Montezuma is damaged by a fire.  Quick action by the Fire Department limits destruction to the Music Room and some surrounding areas. 


March 18, 1850William Heath Davis purchases 160 acres in “New Town” (Gaslamp area).


March 18, 1865President Abraham Lincoln signs a proclamation returning the Mission San Luis Rey to the Catholic Church.


March 27, 1828American trapper James Ohio Pattie reached the Presidio after breaking a trail from Santa Fe to San Diego with a group of hunters.


March 27, 1850An Act to Incorporate the City of San Diego is passed. The first election establishes government by a Common Council and elected mayor.  San Diego’s first Mayor is Joshua Bean, brother of the famous Judge Roy Bean.


March 27, 1881Noted San Diego Architect Richard S. Requa is born in Rock Island, Illinois.  Mr. Requa designed the Old Globe Theater, Palomar Apartments, Mount Helix Open Air Theater and the Torrey Pines Lodge among many other buildings.


March 27, 1836James Fannin & 350 men are executed

                           by General Santa Anna at Goliad.


March 28, 1887William H. “Billy” Carlson

                          (later a San Diego mayor) and Frank J.

                          Higgins bought 600 acres of

                          brush-covered hillside for $50,000 and

                          began to develop Ocean Beach.


March 28, 1924The Balboa Theater designed by

                           William Wheeler, opens.

 

March

State Normal School

Villa Montezuma

Balboa Theater





April 5, 1851Cave Johnson Couts married Ysidora Bandini in Old Town.  The wedding/fiesta lasted a week, their marriage a lifetime.


April 8, 1869The first post office is established  and Jacob Allen is appointed postmaster.


April 11, 1822The land later known as California becomes a part of Mexico.


April 11, 1927Nino Marcelli conducts the inaugural concert of San Diego’s Civic Symphony Orchestra at the Spreckels Theatre.


April 13, 1913The Plaza theater opens located at the south side of Horton Plaza.


April 14, 1908The U.S. Navy’s Great White Fleet makes

                           San Diego its first U.S. stop on a

                           worldwide tour, bringing more than

                          16,000 sailors into San Diego

                          on 16 battleships, 7 destroyers

                          and 4 auxiliary ships.


April 15, 1863Architect William S. Hebbard

                           is born in Milford Michigan.


April 15, 1888The Ocean Beach Railroad was dedicated with a “Grand Balloon Ascension”, free mussel roast and band concert.  The following day, the first train ran the three mile track from Roseville in Point Loma to the Cliff House in Ocean Beach.


April 15, 1926The City of San Diego filed an application with the California Division of Water Resources for a permit to divert 155 cubic feet of water per second from the Colorado River.


April 16, 1829Josefa Carrillo, daughter of a prominent San Diego family, eloped to Chile with an American sea captain, Henry Delano Fitch.


April 16, 1886 Elisha S. Babcock Jr. and Hampton L. Story created the San Diego and Coronado Ferry Co.


April 16, 1987The Naval Special Warfare Command was commissioned at Naval Amphibious Base Coronado as a component to the U.S. Special Operation command.


April 17, 1935The Daily Times Advocate of Escondido reports a local record shipping rate of three box car loads per hour of citrus.


April  18, 1871Andres Ybarra was granted the U.S. land patent for the 4,431.03 acre Las Encinitas Rancho.  Ybarra had first acquired the rancho as a Mexican land grant on July 3, 1842.


April 18, 1827French Capt. Auguste Duhautcilly piloted his merchant ship, Le Heros, into San Diego Bay.  In a published account of his travels, the captain later observed, “of all the places we had visited during our stay in California, except San Pedro, which is quite desolate, the presidio  of San Diego was the most bleak.”


April 18, 1906At  5:12 a.m. a 8.3 magnitude earthquake

                           strikes San Francisco.  Fire rages for

                           3 days, destroying one quarter

                           of the City and killing approximately 3,000.


April 20, 1822The Mexican flag is raised over the Presidio. 

                           California swears allegiance to Mexico.


April 20, 1872Fire sweeps Old Town, destroying many

                           key business buildings.


April 20, 1888A corporation was formed to build a railroad from Old Town to Pacific Beach.


April 21, 1836As the “Yellow Rose of Texas” keeps General Santa Anna busy in his tent, the Texans mount a surprise attack and soundly defeat the Mexican army, with a battle cry of “Remember the Alamo”.


April 22, 1850The first California Legislature passed “An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians”.


April 23, 1891President Benjamin Harrison visited the Hotel del Coronado during a month-long, cross country train trip.


April 26, 1870Architect Irving J. Gill is born in Tully New York. 


April 27, 1927The New California Theatre opened at 1110 Fourth Avenue.  For its grand opening, the movie place presented Constance Talmadge and Ationio Moreno in “The Venus of Venice.”


April 28, 1927Charles Linbergh makes the first 20 minute test

                           flight of his "Spirit of St. Louis" at Dutch Flats,

                           which is the present site of the

                           Main Post Office at Midway Drive.


The Great White Fleet

April

         1906 San Francisco

                  earthquake

The Hotel del Coronado

Chollas Heights

Radio Transmitter

May

May 1, 1933The San Diego City Council granted Consolidated  Aircraft Co. a 50 year lease of Lindbergh Field property.


May 1, 1941An astronomical museum opened to the public at the

                           Mount Palomar observatory.


May 2, 1872Congress authorized the Texas and Pacific Railroad Co.

                           to build and equip a railroad from the

                           Mississippi River to the Pacific Coast.


May 3, 1909Louis Almgren Jr. became the city’s third fire chief.  He would serve until 1935.


May 5, 1877The Post Office building at Sixth and F streets was declared ready for occupancy.


May 5, 1961Allen Shepard becomes the first American in space.


May 5, 1913The Lyceum theater opens at 314 F Street.


May 6, 1853The Masonic Order, San Diego Lodge No. 35 received  its charter.


May 6, 1897The heirs of Cave J. Couts received the title to the 1,184 acre Buena Vista Rancho.


May 7, 1916For the first time, a telephone conversation took place between San Diego and Washington, D. C., 3,000 miles distant.


May 8, 1912Socialist Joseph Mikolasek was shot during an encounter with two police officers who had been watching the industrial Workers of the World headquarters in San Diego.


May 8, 1942San Diego-based carrier Lexington was sunk during the Battle of the Coral Sea.  Capt. Forrest C. Sherman and Commander M.T. Seligman, executive officer, were both former executive officers of North Island Naval Air Station.


May 9, 1897The Woman’s Home for single mothers in

                           City Park (Balboa Park) burns down.


May 9, 1908Race car driver Barney Oldfield establishes

                           a new world record for a mile

                           in Lakeside of 51 4/5 seconds.


May 10, 1869The Golden Spike is placed in Promontory

                           Summit, Utah, connecting the Union Pacific

                           & Central Pacific railroads to form the Transcontinental Railroad.


May 10, 1972The San Diego Wild Animal Park was dedicated.  It opened to the public the following day.


May 12, 1906The Navy established a radio station at Point Loma.


May 13, 1769The Spanish land expedition lead by Capt. Fernando Rivera Moncada and the missionary Father Crespi camped overnight in the Tijuana River Estuary.


May 13, 1894The first train left San Diego for La Joalla.  The formal opining of service was held two day later.


May 13, 1901The U.S. Supreme Court declared the Cupenos had no rights to the land near Warner Springs.


May 14, 1836The Treaty of Velasco is signed by General Santa Anna which requires the Mexican troops to withdraw to below the Rio Grande river.


May 14, 1874The Helvetia Mining Co. of Julian was incorporated.


May 15, 1941Lt. W.W. Lowrey and Navy Air Pilot John R. McCants executed a midair rescue of a Marine parachutist, 2nd Lt. Walter S. Osipoff, who dangled below a Douglas R2D-1 over North Island for 35 minutes after his chute fouled in the tail of the transport plane.


May 17, 1890The Otay Watch Works publicly celebrated the completion of its first watch.  The factory opened Feb. 6 in a three-story brick building on the southeast corner of Tremont and Fresno Streets, but closed Oct. 13.


May 20, 1917Navy begins training World War I recruits at temporary barracks in Balboa Park.


May 21, 1927Charles Lindbergh took off from Long Island and flies for 33 hours to land in Paris and claim the $25,000 purse.


May 24, 1969The third U.S. Navy ship to bear the name “San Diego” was commissioned at the 32nd Street Naval Station.  The combat stores ship, a cargo vessel that carries fuel, supplies, food and ammunition for warships, was built by National Steel and Shipbuilding  Co.


May 25, 1864San Diego County Sheriff’s Deputy Andrew Kriss was fatally shot by two horse thieves he had followed toward Mexico.  The suspects were never apprehended.


May 25, 1925“King Tut” arrived at the San Diego Zoo.  The salmon-crested cockatoo served at the zoo’s official greeter from 1951 until his retirement in 1989.


May 26, 1862An earthquake of 6.0 magnitude hits the San Diego region.


May 26, 1868The San Diego Board of Trustees votes to

                           set aside 1400 acres for the purposes of a

                           city park, which later became Balboa Park. 

                           The City population is 2,301 with 915 houses.


May 27, 1937The Golden Gate Bridge is officially opened.


May 29, 1851                                          The San Diego Herald

                                                                     publishes its first edition.



May 29, 1935                                          The California Pacific

                                                                     International Exposition opens.


May 29, 1935                                          The Old Globe opened in Balboa Park

                                                                    with repertory of 50-minute versions

                                                                     of Shakespeare Plays.


May 29, 1941The Marine Room restaurant opened in La Jolla.


May 31, 1915Balboa Stadium opens adjacent to San Diego High School.  With a capacity of 23,000 it is the largest municipal stadium in the nation at the time.


May 31, 1931The Children’s Pool was dedicated at La Jolla, a $65,000 gift of Ellen Browning Scripps to the children of San Diego.


May 31, 1946George White Marston died at the age of 95.

Barney Oldfield

1935 Exposition

Golden Gate Bridge

Mt. Palomar Observatory

Charles Linbergh


                                                                      June


June 1, 1918Oneonta Flying Field (later Ream Field) was established at the Army’s Camp Hearn in Imperial Beach.


June 2, 1967A three-alarm fire at the Lloyd’s House of Fine Furniture at 4275 El Cajon Ave. caused an estimated $680.000 damage.  It was the biggest commercial fire in San Diego Since the Burnett Furniture Co. burned in Hillcrest in 1955.


June 3, 1892E. W. Scripps acquired his first newspaper on the Pacific Coast, The San Diego Sun.


June 6, 1944D-day, the Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied western Europe begins in Normandy, France.


June 7, 1890Cable cars begin operating in San Diego, which took over  the franchise of an unsuccessful electric line.  The Cable company goes into receivership and the last cable cars run on October 15, 1892.


June 7, 1902Twenty-four hour service for light and power began in the city of San Diego.


June 8, 1871The First Presbyterian Church building in San Diego was dedicated.  The Rev. J.S. McDonald was the first pastor.


June 9, 1906Rev. A. Gibbons, pastor of the First Methodist Episcopal Church, spoke at a ceremony to mark the laying of a cornerstone for the Agnew Sanitarium and Hospital at Fifth and Beech streets.


June 9, 1950San Diego State College awarded it first six

                           mater’s degrees.


June 10, 1941Architect Richard S. Requa died in San Diego.


June 13, 1798Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is founded by

                           Father Fermin Francisco de Lasuen. 

                          The 18th of the 21 California missions, it grows

                          quickly to become the largest mission with a

                          peak population of nearly 3,000 during the 1820’s.


June 14, 1968Old Town State Historic Park is officially created by the State Park and Recreation Commission.


June 16, 1850Joshua H. Bean is elected the first mayor of San Diego.


June 17, 1579Francis Drake sailing in the Golden Hind entered a harbor just north of present day San Franciso and claimed California for Queen Elizabeth I, calling the land "Nova Albion".  Drake remained in the harbor for one month while undergoing repairs and then returned to England.


June 17, 1919Telephone service in San Diego was interrupted when 140 switchboard operators went on strike for higher wages. The women asked for a minimum wage of $15 a week and a maximum of $4 a day.


June 18, 1984In an appeal brought by 11 San Diego tuna fishermen, the U.S.

Supreme Court rejected a challenge against the federal government’s right to send agents on commercial tuna boats to ensure that fishermen comply with safeguards against killing porpoises.


June 19, 1883The Mesa Grande Reservation of 120 acres in East San Diego County was established by executive order.


June 19, 1919The first San Diego post of the American Legion, an organization for world war veterans, was chartered.  The first meeting was held in the auditorium of the St. James Hotel.


June 20, 1929The California Supreme Court ruled that San Diego was the owner of all rights to the waters of the San Diego River.


June 23, 1928The $1.5 million Agual Caliente resort hotel and casino opened in Tijuana.


June 23, 1941Ground was broken for Camp Lockett, a World War II Army base at Campo, 50 miles east of San Diego.


June 24, 1937Richard Archibold makes the first transcontinental flight from San Diego to New York City in a  seaplane built by Consair.


June 26, 1909The Wilson-Acton Hotel, designed

                           by San Diego architect Irving Gill

                           and quickly renamed the Cabrillo

                           Hotel, opened on Prospect Street

                           in La Jolla.  In 1956, the Cabrillo

                           was annexed by La Valencia.


June 28, 1888Professor Melville brought his

                           balloon to San Diego for a

                           stunt exhibition.


June 29, 1851The Masons met for the first time in San Diego at the Exchange Hotel in Old Town and organized the lodge, which became San Diego Lodge No. 35, F. & A.M., the oldest lodge of Masons in Southern California.


June 30, 1846Col. Stephen Watts Kearny left Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, to lead the “Army of the West” over the Santa Fe Trail to California, to bring New Mexico and California under United States control.

Mission San Luis Rey

Cabrillo Hotel


                                                 July


July 1, 1908President Theodore Roosevelt created the Cleveland National Forest.  Named for pro-forest President Grover Cleveland and includes over 460,000 acres in the mountainous backcountry of San Diego, Orange, Riverside counties.


July 1, 1910The San Pasqual Reservation was established under authority of an 1891 Congressional act.


July 3, 1886Bum the Dog is San Diego's

                          “First Dog.”  Born in San Francisco,

                           July 3, 1886, Bum was a large

                           St. Bernard who boarded a

                           steamship as a stowaway and

                           came to San Diego. Cared for

                           by the kindhearted Chinese man

                          Ah Wo Sue, Bum lacked

                          personal attachment and roamed

                          San Diego as he pleased,

                          occasionally boarding ships and

                          visiting other cities. He always

                          came back to San Diego and

                          enjoyed being “everybody's dog.”

                          In Bum’s later years, the Board

                          of Supervisors ordered that Bum

                          be granted a home at the County

                         Hospital, where he lived

                         out his life in peace.


July 3, 1888Oceanside voted to incorporate as a city.


July 4, 1886San Diego’s first transit system, the San Diego Street Car Company is organized by a group led by Babcock and Story.  The first streetcars begin operating over a two-mile track on Broadway.


July 4, 1913Wonderland amusement park in Ocean Beach opened.  It covered 8 acres on the bay side of Voltaire Street and included a roller coaster, menagerie, dance hall and café.


July 4, 1925The Mission Beach Amusement Center (now Belmont Park) opens.  The Giant Dipper roller coaster is a popular attraction.


July 5, 1946French designer Louis Reyar introduced the bikini which was quickly accepted worldwide and forever changed the "Southern California image."


July 6, 1849  The Boundary Joint Commission convened for the first time at San Diego to designate the border between the United States and Mexico.


July 11, 1889The border town of Tijuana was founded when a land dispute was settled between the Arguello and Olvera families.  But the name did not become official for another 40 years.


July 12, 1928The state Board of Education authorized San Diego State Teachers College (now San Diego State University) to offer credential in secondary education, with majors in chemistry, history, English and Romance languages.


July 12, 1954Voters approved the formation of Valley Center Municipal Water District 406-63.


July 13, 1975The Campo Band if Mission Indians adopted a constitution by community vote.


July 15, 1929 Voters in San Diego passed a bond issue of $2.35 million for water development purposes.


July 16, 1769Father Serra establishes the Presidio, which would become San Diego, the first European settlement of the West Coast.


July 16, 1828The guns for the Spanish battery at Fort Guijarros on Point Loma fired on the U.S. ship Franklin and wounded Capt. John Bradshaw,


July 16, 1846The Mormon Battalion, including 500 men, 32 women and some 51 children, left Council Bluffs, Iowa, on a march to San Diego to aid in the Mexican War.


July 16, 1849Dr. John Edward Summers, an Army physician, began officially recording San Diego weather conditions at the post that had been established in the Mission of San Diego de Alcala.


July 16, 1938Via a specially built ramp up the entrance steps, President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the County Administration Building, from the backseat of the convertible Presidential limousine.


July 16, 1929With 12,000 people crowding

                           the slopes, the Serra Museum

                           is dedicated.  George Marston

                           bought the land and hired

                           planner and landscape

                           architect John Nolen and

                           architect William Templeton

                           Johnson to design the complex

                           to commemorate the first

                           Mission in Alta California.


July 16, 1952Carlsbad incorporated.


July 17, 1915William Jennings Bryan spoke at the San Diego Panama-California  Exposition Pavillion.


July 17, 1943Ream Field in Imperial Beach was commissioned as a naval auxillary Air Station.  It had been established by the Army during World War 1.


July 17, 1955On 160 acres, at the cost of $17

                           million, Walt Disney opens

                           Disneyland.  The "Magic Kingdom"

                           quickly becomes a Southern

                           California icon.  After record setting

                           profits, Disneyworld is opened

                           in Florida in 1971 at the cost

                           of $400 million.


July 18, 1874The Hamilton Express reached Julian with the first freight wagon over the new road built by A.P. Frary.


July 18, 1885San Diego adopted an ordinance providing a standing reward of $100 for the arrest and conviction of anyone found guilty of cutting, injuring or destroying a Torrey pine on city lands.


July 18, 1935Famed Southern California evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson spoke to a crowd of devotees at the Organ Pavilion.


July 18, 1956Imperial Beach incorporated, it was the 10th city in San Diego County.


July 18, 1984James Huberty opens fire in a San Ysidro McDonald’s, killing 21 people.


July 18, 1976Peter Frampton and Yes performed at Balboa Stadium.


July 19, 1911Groundbreaking for the Panama Pacific Exposition occurs followed by the three days of festivities.


July 19, 1918The armored cruiser San Diego, bound from Portsmouth, N.H., to New York, sank in 28 minutes only eight miles south of Fire Island, possibly after striking a mine left by the German submarine U-156.  The San Diego was the only major warship lost by the United States in World War I.


July 19, 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt observed war games at Camp Pendleton; visited his son, John; and inspected the Naval Hospital.


July 20, 1769Father Juan Crespi arrived in the area known today as the San Luis Rey Valley.


July 20, 1888The Oceanside Lodge No. 346 of the independent Order of Odd Fellows was organized.


July 20, 1956The first Imperial Beach City Council was formally sworn into office.  Cecil H. Gunthorp was elected as the first mayor by unanimous vote.


July 20, 1969At 10:56 p.m. EDT, American astronaut

                           Neil Armstrong, 240,000 miles from

                           Earth, speaks these words to more

                           than a billion people listening

                           at home: "That's one small step for man,

                           one giant leap for mankind." Stepping off

                           the lunar landing module Eagle,

                          Armstrong became the first human to

                          walk on the surface of the moon.



July 21, 1871Alonzo Horton filed his map of “Horton’s Addition” and started selling 50 foot lots at $10 each in what is now downtown San Diego.


July 21, 1901The City of San Diego purchased all water systems within city limits.


July 21, 1905The U.S.S. Bennington explodes in San Diego Bay and kills 64 sailors.


July 22, 1927The La Jolla Beach and Yacht Club, later  named the La Jolla Beach and Tennis Club, held its grand opening.


July 22, 1967Janis Joplin, as part of Big Brother and the Holding Company, appeared in concert with Quicksilver Messenger Service at the Community Concourse.


July 23, 1773The viceroy general of New Spain created the Military Department of Alta California and ordered the promotion of the military base in San Diego to a Presidio.


July 23, 1905San Diego held a mass burial service at Fort Rosecrans for the 64 sailors killed in the explosion of the gunboat Bennington.


July 23, 1917Building began at the U.S. Army’s Camp Kearny near present-day Miramar.


July 25, 1826Mexican Gov. Jose Maria Echeandia declared partial emancipation for the mission Indians.


July 25, 1922Barrett Dam was dedicated.  The dam was named after George Barrett, a pioneer rancher and schoolteacher.


July 26, 1910The "Airdome" theater opens on the northwest corner of Broadway and Third Avenue; demolished in 1911.


July 26, 1916The permanent archaeological and anthropological collections of the Panama-California International Exposition were sold to the San Diego Museum Association.


July 27, 1908The City Council considered San Diego’s first traffic law, an ordinance regulating street traffic in the business section downtown.


July 27, 1915Former President Theodore Roosevelt spoke at the San Diego Panama-California Exposition Pavillion.


July 27, 1930A spa with mineral water pools was dedicated at the Agua Caliente resort in Tijuana.


July 28, 1906The cornerstone of the Church of Our Lady of Angels, at 24th and G streets was laid.


July 28, 1915Three battleships – the Missouri, the Ohio, and the Wisconsin – dropped anchor in San Diego harbor.


July 28, 1921San Diego Normal School

                           officially became San

                           Diego State Teachers

                           College, converting its

                           educational program

                           from two years to four.


July 28, 1932420 Army and Navy planes passed in mass formation over North Island.


July 28, 1974Chicago, with Santana, performed at Balboa Stadium.  The concert grossed more than $250,000 in ticket sales, setting a record for the largest single concert total in San Diego at the time.


July 29, 1846The Stars & Stripes is raised by a detachment of Marines from the U. S. Navy sloop Cyane for the first time in the Old Town plaza.


July 29, 1936Kensington Manor voted 80 to 79 for annexation to San Diego.


July 30, 1846A troop of volunteer soldiers under the command of Maj. John C. Fremont disembarked from the war sloop Cyane at about 9 a.m., the first U.S. Army unit to land at San Diego.


July 31, 1860Don Jose Antonia Aguirre died in his home in Old Town at the age of 61.  On the same day, Dona Rosaria his wife gave birth to Maria Antonia, who died at the age of 16 months.

Bum - San Diego’s Dog

July 3, 1886 - Nov. 10, 1898

Restaurants displayed signs proclaiming,

“Bum dines here”

Serra Museum

San Diego State Teachers College,

formally the State Normal School

Walt

Disney


                                                            August


Aug. 1, 1849Miguel de Pedrorena and Henry Hill were chosen to represent San Diego at the constitution convention meeting in Monterey later in the month.


Aug. 1, 1936The Pacific Coast League Padres

                           played their first night game at

                           Lane Field, the ballpark at the

                           foot of Broadway originally

                           used as a Navy athletic field.


Aug. 2, 1861The “Jackass Mail” line running from San Antonio to San Diego, ceased operations.


Aug. 2, 1952The Mason Temple on Eucalyptus Street in Oceanside was dedicated.


Aug. 3, 1834Gov. Figueroa established the Pueblo of San Diego for the Republic of Mexico.


Aug. 2, 1969The San Diego-Coronado bridge opens.


Aug. 3, 1984A 44,000 square-foot, $2.5 million bingo hall opened on the Barona Indian Reservation.


Aug. 4, 1963The Lake San Marcos development held a grand opening, with two bedroom homes initially selling for about $30,000.


Aug. 5, 1971Fire destroyed the Caliente Race Track Clubhouse in Tijuana.


Aug. 6, 1916A formal dedication ceremony was held for the Scripps Institution.


Aug. 8, 1899The San Diego Common Council

                           passed an ordinance to set

                           aside 369 acres of pueblo land

                           as a public park to preserve

                           the Torrey Pines.


Aug. 10, 1846President James Polk signed into

                           law a bill creating the

                           Smithsonian Institution.


Aug. 11, 1928The first broadcast of organ music from the Spreckels organ pavilion at Balboa Park went on the air.


Aug. 12, 1934The first fire station in Pacific Beach was dedicated.  Station 21 was on Grand Avenue, near Mission.


Aug. 13, 1857The schooner Loma is launched, the first boat to be built in San Diego shipyards.


Aug. 14, 1906A reservoir was dedicated in University Heights in a ceremony that marked the beginning of delivery of Otay reservoir water to the city.


Aug. 14, 1945San Diegan jammed downtown streets to celebrate the end of World War II.


Aug. 15, 1907Imperial County, consisting of 4,087 square miles, becomes the last county to be organized in the State of California.


Aug. 15, 1914The Panama Canal opens to traffic,

                           with the Ancon being the first ship

                           to pass through it's gates.  Begun on

                           October 20, 1913 the Canal

                           required the movement of

                           240 million cubic yards

                           of earth and cost $400 million

                           dollars.  The California-Panama

                           Exposition (which opened Jan. 1,

                           1915) was a celebration and

                           anticipation of what the canal

                           would mean for San Diego.


Aug. 15, 1939The movie The Wizard of Oz is released making an immediate and lasting impact on the public.  L. Frank Baum, author of the novel, was a resident of Coronado.


Aug. 15, 1963The North Island Air Station was granted official recognition as the “Birthplace of Naval Aviation” by resolution of the House Armed Services Committee.


Aug. 16, 1928Lindbergh Field is dedicated less than one year after Charles Lindbergh electrified the world with his non stop trans-Atlantic flight.


Aug. 19, 1886The steam ferry Coronado was placed into service on San Diego Bay.


Aug. 20, 1867Casa de Aguirre, in Old Town, is deeded to the Catholic Church.


Aug. 21, 1959The modern United States receives its crowning star when President

Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a proclamation admitting Hawaii into the Union as the 50th state.


Aug. 23, 1912The Spreckels theater opens with

                           George Broadhurst's "Bought and

                           Paid For," imported directly

                           from Broadway for the occasion.


Aug. 25, 1800The first American ship Betsy,

                           under command of Capt.

                           Charles Winship, arrives

                           in San Diego.


Aug. 27, 1951The last link of a 12.2 mile freeway (now interstate 8) running through Mission Valley from Point Loma to La Mesa was dedicated  at Fairmount Avenue.


Aug. 28, 1883John Montgomery becomes the first person to achieve controlled flight in a glider from a hill in Otay Mesa.


Aug. 28, 1905A gasoline stove exploded and burned down the first bath house in La Jolla.  It had been built in 1894.


Aug. 28, 1911The Mirror theater opens at southeast corner

                           of Third Avenue and C Street.


Aug. 28, 1965The Beatles perform before 18,000 adoring

                           fans at Balboa Stadium.


Aug. 31, 1877Architect William Templeton Johnson is born in West New Brighton, New York.  Mr. Johnson designed the San Diego Trust & Savings, Fine Arts Building, Natural History Museum, Serra Museum and the Fancis Parker School.

Smithsonian Institution

The passage of the first ship

through the Panama Canal

The Spreckels Theater

                                                     September


Sept. 1, 1849The first state constitutional convention met in Monterey.


Sept. 1, 1886Father Ubach opens his St. Anthony's Industrial School for Indians, located in the Old Town Aguirre adobe and housed 50 children.


Sept. 1, 1939Germany invades Poland and war breaks out in Europe.


Sept. 2, 1850The first district court in San Diego was formally organized; jurors were summoned and six cases heard.


Sept. 2, 1943The name of the Marine corps Air Base Kearny Mesa was changed to Marine Corps Air Depot Miramar to reduce confusion with the nearby naval air station at Camp Kearny.


Sept. 2, 1945Aboard the USS Missouri, General Douglas

                           MacArthur and Emperor Hirohito

                           signed Japan’s formal unconditional

                           surrender.  As the 20-minute

                           ceremony ended, the sun burst

                           through low-hanging clouds.

                           The most devastating war in

                           human history was over and

                           San Diego’s future changes course.


Sept. 3, 1968Jimi Hendrix made his first San Diego appearance at Balboa Stadium before a crowd of 9,000.


Sept. 4, 178144 settlers meet to name the present day Los Angles, now the second largest city in the United States.


Sept. 7, 1906The first raft of logs was towed by sea from the Columbia River to San Diego Bay for the Benson Lumber Co. sawmill. The last raft came in 1941.


Sept. 8, 1917The Navy agreed to divide North Island with the Army one month after President Wilson had signed an executive order for condemnation of the land.


Sept. 9, 1850California is admitted to the Union as the 31st State.  The discovery of gold some 22 years earlier caused a rapid increase in the territory's population, with approximately 250,000 people at statehood.


Sept. 9, 1941Linda Vista, a 3,000-unit housing project for national defense workers on Kearney Mesa, was officially dedicated.


Sept. 10, 1870Drue Baily located the Ready Relief gold mine five miles east of Julian.


Sept. 12,  1916Adelina and Augusta Van Buren arrived in San Diego, completing the first transcontinental motorcycle trip by women.  The sisters left New York City on July 5, 1916.


Sept. 13, 1814Francis Scot Key is detained on

                           this night on a British ship while

                           seeking the release of a friend. 

                           During the night he is witness

                           to a fierce rocket bombardment

                           of Fort McHenry.  The next

                           morning he is amazed to

                           see the U. S. flag still waving. 

                           He is so moved, he writes

                           the Star Spangle Banner  and

                           it quickly becomes the de facto

                           nation anthem.  However,

                          Congress does not officially

                          adopt it as the nation anthem until 1931.


Sept. 15, 1846Miguel de Pedrorena became Justice of the Peace in San Diego in the first election under American rule.


Sept. 15, 1964Nancy Ann Walker, a Granite Hills High School graduate, was the first freshman to enroll when UCSD opened its doors to undergraduates.


Sept. 16, 1915Armored cruiser California is renamed USS San Diego at ceremony on San Diego Bay.


Sept. 19, 1916The first passenger train of the  San Diego and

                           Arizona Railway arrived at Campo.


Sept. 20, 1917Construction began on the $500,000

                           U.S. Steel Shipbuilding Crop. Plant,

                           south of 28th Street.


Sept. 20, 1919The new Lower Otay dam was declared complete.


Sept. 22, 1925Point Loma High School opened with 386 students.


Sept. 22, 1953True to a booming population, Los Angles opens the first four level highway interchange with the intersection of the of the Hollywood, Harbor, Santa Ana and Arroyo Seco freeways.


Sept. 24, 1980Longtime sports editor and columnist Jack Murphy died of cancer. He was 57.


Sept. 25, 1889At sundown on Rosh Hashanah,

                           Temple Beth Israel first opens it doors.


Sept. 25, 1942President Franklin D. Roosevelt

                           visited Camp Pendleton for

                           dedication ceremonies.


Sept. 25, 1978A PSA jet crashes in North Park killing 144, 7 of which were in their homes.


Sept. 26, 1774The first colonists arrive in San Diego, escorted from Baja California Mission San Fernando Velicata.


Sept. 26, 1903The Marine Biological Association of San Diego was formed to found and endow the scientific institution later know as Scripps Institution of Oceanography.


Sept. 27,  1901The San Diego Union company purchased the Evening Tribune.


Sept. 28, 1542Explorer Juan Rodiquez Cabrillo sails into San Diego

                           Bay becoming the first European discover of California.


Sept. 28, 1960Native San Diegan and Boston Red Sox great Ted

                           Williams hit a home run in the last at-bat of his

                           career, at Fenway Park.


Sept. 30, 1850The town council authorized construction to

                           divert the San Diego River from the

                           harbor to False Bay (now Mission Bay).

Fort McHenry

Temple Beth Israel


                                                       October


Oct. 3, 1983Ground was broken for a new Naval medical complex in Florida Canyon.


Oct. 5, 1920The La Jolla Art Association was formed.


Oct. 6, 2001Tony Gwynn got the final hit of his career – No. 3,141 in the sixth inning at Qualcomm Stadium.


Oct. 7, 1858The first stagecoach of the Butterfield Company stops in Temecula, delivering the Overland Mail from Tipton Missouri to San Francisco.


Oct. 7, 1936Noted Architect Irving Gill died in Carlsbad.


Oct. 7, 1960In the first TV episode airing today,

                           Buz & Tod started their journey

                           down Route 66.  The highway

                           opened in 1926 and extended from

                           Chicago to Los Angles and was

                           the main American  transportation

                           corridor for several decades.


Oct. 8, 1888Escondido was incorporated.


Oct. 9, 1874The San Diego Society of Natural History was incorporated.


Oct. 9, 1909In an event to become regionally famous, Julian host the first Apple Day.


Oct. 10, 1868The San Diego Weekly Union publishes its first edition near the Plaza in Old Town.


Oct. 10, 1870Alonzo E. Horton opened his 100-room Horton House hotel on D Street between Third and Fourth avenues.


Oct. 10, 1909St. James by-the-Sea Episcopal Church in La Jolla was dedicated and ground was broken for the first building of the The Bishop’s School.


Oct. 15, 1910The U.S. Grant Hotel opens
















Oct. 15, 1910Irving Gill unveils his electrically illuminated fountain in Horton Plaza; headlines reads "Fountain is tested - No one is killed."


Oct. 17, 1776Three priests occupied the Mission San Diego de Alcala for the first time after it had been burned in an American Indian uprising the previous November.


Oct. 17, 1896The Marston Building is opened.


Oct. 17, 1911Residents of Chula Vista voted 121 to 88 in favor of incorporation.


Oct. 18, 1982Developer Ernest Hahn and Mayor Pete Wilson broke ground for the $140 million Horton Plaza shopping center.


Oct. 20, 1935Reuben H. Fleet dedicated a $300,000, 275,000 square foot manufacturing plant on Pacific Highway, the new home for Fleet’s Consolidated Aircraft Corp., which he had moved from Buffalo, N.Y.


Oct. 21, 1960President Eisenhower was greeted in San Diego with a ticker-tope parade on Broadway.


Oct. 22, 1850George W. Marston was born in Fort Atkinson, Wis.  He moved to San Diego with his son, George White Marston, in1870 and later founded the Marston Co. department store.


Oct. 23, 1820Jose Maria Estudillo was named commander of the San Diego Presidio.


Oct. 23, 1894An earthquake of  5.75 magnitude hits east of San Diego.


Oct. 24, 1870George P. Marston and his 20 year old son, George White Marston, arrive in San Diego.  Young George takes a job as clerk at Horton House and eventually becomes a successful businessman, and civic leader.


Oct. 24, 1929The initial free-fall of the stock market crash began on this day, known as Black Thursday.  During one week of the downward spiral, $30 billion was lost, more than 10 times the federal annual budget.  The stock market would not recover to pre-1929 levels until 1954.


Oct. 25, 1934The federal government and the San Diego Harbor Commission initiated dredging of San Diego bay.


Oct. 26, 1914Loma Portal elementary School opened as a two-room schoolhouse.  On opening day 18 students enrolled.


Oct. 28, 1869The Fall horse races were held on the grounds of the San Diego Agricultural Park Association Oct. 24-28.  The highest purse was $300.


Oct. 29, 1915Thomas Alva Edison and Henry

                           Ford visited San Diego’s

                           Panama-California Exposition.


Oct. 30, 1977The Hotel del Coronado was

                           dedicated as a National

                           Historic Landmark after official

                           designation in May 1977

                           by U.S. Secretary of the

                           Interior Cecil D. Andrus.


Oct. 31, 1846Admiral Robert F. Stockton arrives aboard  the Congress.  Fort Stockton is established on the top of Presidio Hill in November 1846 to defend the city during the Mexican War.


Oct. 31, 1949After unanimous support of Congress and the

                           signature of President Truman, the National

                           Trust for Historic Preservation was established.

Ted Williams

Buz & Tod travel Route 66

The Grant Hotel

Horton Plaza fountain

Hotel del Coronado

One of 16 National Register Historic Landmarks in San Diego County


                                                       November


Nov. 2, 1915An automobile left San Diego on a cross-country trip to Washington, D. C., to demonstrate the importance of a southern highway.  The trip took 23 1/2 days.


Nov. 4, 1775Indians surround Mission San Diego de Alcala, set fire to its fragile wooden structures and attacked a small contingent of stunned Spaniards.


Nov. 4, 1937 The Coronado Chamber of Commerce incorporated.


Nov. 5, 1846After the outbreak of the Mexican War in California, Mexican commander Gen. Jose Maria Flores issued a proclamation calling on all citizens from 15 to 60 years of age to take up arms.


Nov. 6, 1985San Diego County swapped area code 714 for 619.


Nov. 7, 1849Juan Adams (age unknown) becomes the first to be interred in the El Campo Santo (The Sacred Field) Cemetery, in Old Town.


Nov. 7, 1931The 888-foot long aircraft carrier

                           Saratoga entered San Diego Harbor

                           and dropped anchor at the new

                           turning basin within 1,500

                           feet of the Broadway Pier.


Nov. 9, 1879On the wettest November day on record,

                           2.68 inches of rain fell in San Diego.


Nov. 10, 1969Ike and Tina Turner Revue opened for the Rolling Stones at the San Diego Sports Arena.


Nov. 11, 1918World War I ends.  At the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918, the Great War ends. At 5 a.m. that morning, Germany signed an armistice agreement with the Allies in a railroad car outside Compiegne, France.  The First World War left nine million soldiers dead and 21 million wounded.


Nov. 11, 1984The historic Star of India sailed out to sea beyond Ballast Point to commemorate Veterans Day.


Nov. 12, 1914The Charity Ball was held at the Hotel del Coronado.


Nov. 12, 1988 The U.S. Olympic Committee overwhelmingly approved a training center at Otay Lakes, east of Chula Vista,


Nov. 13, 1849The first California constitution is ratified and Peter Burnett elected first Governor.


Nov. 14, 1892The San Diego Daily Sun was consolidated with the San Diegan under the title the Daily San Diegan-Sun.


Nov. 15, 1855The “Old Spanish” lighthouse

                           on Point Loma is illuminated

                           for the first time 15

                           minutes before sunset. 

                           The site 422 feet above sea level

                           is frequently enshrouded in

                           fog.  A new lighthouse at

                           sea level would replace

                           it in 1891.


Nov. 15, 1885The first eastbound train departed from San Diego to join the Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad at the Cajon Pass.


Nov. 15, 1907 The Elks Building at the corner of Second and D (now Broadway) was dedicated.


Nov. 15, 1922The Spanish Revival style Chula Vista Star newspaper building was  dedicated  at 331 F St. in Chula Vista.


Nov. 16, 1885The first transcontinental train arrives in the National City Station.


Nov. 16, 1923The city of San Diego deeded the Navy 156,000 square feet of submerged tideland as a site of a Navy Pier.


Nov. 17, 1886Construction started on Sweetwater Dam to supply water for National City, Chula Vista and part of the Sweetwater Valley.


Nov. 17, 1909The San Diego Park Commission chose architect Irving J. Gill’s design for a large marble fountain for Horton Plaza.


Nov. 17, 1916San Diego voters approved the transfer of 500 acres commonly referred to as Dutch Flats to the Navy Department for a marine base.  The vote was 13,857 yes, 305 no.  The Navy agreed to purchase 232 adjoining acres from private interests for $250,000.


Nov. 17, 1936Madame Schumann-Heink, a renowned opera

                           singer and longtime Grossmont resident,

                           died in Hollywood of leukemia at age 71.


Nov. 17, 1918At midnight the quarantine imposed to combat

                           the spread of the “Spanish Flu” in

                           San Diego was lifted from all theaters,

                           churches and places of public gatherings.

                           Schools remained closed.


Nov. 18, 1890The Congregationalists formed an organization with 11 members to start the first church in Chula Vista.


Nov. 19, 1887San Diego’s Electric Rapid Transit

                           Company introduces the first

                           electric street railway in the

                           western U.S., running from D

                           street downtown to Old Town

                           along Arctic Street (now Kettner).


Nov. 21, 1941The first USO club in San Diego opened at Seventh Avenue and E Street downtown.


Nov. 22, 1800An earthquake of 6.5 magnitude hits the San Diego region.


Nov. 22, 1885Elisha Babcock Jr., Hampton Story and Jacob Gruendike purchases the area then known as the Peninsula, which included Coronado and North Island for $110,000.


Nov. 22, 1963President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.


Nov. 23, 1917The 135th Aero Squadron

                           left Rockwell Field

                           on North Island for duty

                           overseas with Capt. R.W.

                           Facett incommand.


Nov. 23, 1927The Spanish colonial revival El Cortez Hotel

                           opened to the public.


Nov. 24, 1947 The $14 million San Diego Aqueduct was

                           completed.  Initially intended to supply

                           the Navy, the aqueduct brought Colorado

                           River water from Riverside County

                           to the San Vicente Reservoir

                           near Lakeside.


Nov. 25, 1919Voters approved a $1 million bond issue

                           to build the Barrett Dam to catch

                           water coming from Cottonwood

                           Creek, Wilson Creek and

                           other drainages.


Nov. 25, 1925The Southern California Counties Building, within Balboa Park burns down, just prior to the Fireman’s Ball.


Nov. 25, 1956Eleven firefighters lost their lives fighting the 43,611 acre Inaja Forest Fire near Julian.


Nov. 27, 1920The San Diego Symphony held it last concert before folding.


Nov. 28, 1911Darwin Black was named Chula Vista’s first law enforcement officer.  He received $25 a month.


Nov. 29, 1892A woman later identified as Kate Morgan apparently committed suicide by shooting herself outside her room at the Hotel del Coronado.  Her ghost is said to haunt the hotel.


Nov. 29, 1924Navy’s first aircraft carrier, Langley, arrives at North Island, establishing permanent carrier presence.

The Saratoga

       Madame

Schumann-Heink

The 135th Aero Squadron

The El Cortez Hotel


                                                      December


Dec. 1, 1919The first train over San Diego & Arizona Railway arrived in town to be greeted by the governor of California and a parade from Union Station to Balboa Park.


Dec. 2, 1934Glass for the 200-inch reflecting lens for the Hale Telescope at Mount Palomar Observatory was poured in the Corning Glass Works in New York State.


Dec. 3, 1872The town of Bernardo was officially established with the opening of a post office in the San Pasqual Valley.


Dec. 4, 1959Navy pilot Ens. Albert Joe Hickman steered his crippled jet fighter away from Hawthorne Elementary School in Clairemont, but died  when the aircraft crashed.  The city named an elementary school in Mira Mesa after him.


Dec. 5, 1882The first Congregational Church building at 8th Street and A Avenue in National City was dedicated.


Dec. 5, 1933Curious San Diegans thronged downtown at 2:25 p.m. as the 21st Amendment of the U.S. Constitution was ratified, ending 13 years of Prohibition.


Dec. 5, 1941The 11th U.S. Cavalry

                           Regiment arrived at

                           Camp Lockett near Campo.



Dec. 6, 1846Six days of military action at San Pasqual began on this day

                           with a calvary charge of

                           General Stephen Kearney's

                           dragoons against Don

                           Pico's lancers.


Dec. 6, 1910The San Diego Civic Orchestra

                           made it debut at the lavish,

                           new U.S. Grant Hotel.


Dec. 6, 1964Southwestern College held a dedication ceremony for

                           its 158-acre campus in Chula Vista.


Dec. 6, 1971Pete Wilson was sworn in as the 29th mayor of San Diego.



Dec. 7, 1941Pearl Harbor is bombed by Japan.  2,388 Americans are killed, half of which were on the Arizona.  After several

                           years of military build-up,

                           San Diego prepares for that

                           attack that might be just

                           over the horizon.


Dec. 8, 1892San Diego Hardware opened

                           at 658 Fifth Avenue and

                           remained there until moving

                           in 2005.  The highly successful

                           Gaslamp District, with very scarce parking led to the company’s relocation.


Dec. 8, 1898A half-mile of railroad tracks was covered in mud in Rose Canyon, near Pacific Beach, after a heavy rain.


Dec. 8, 1907Our Lady of Angles Catholic church was dedicated at 24th and G streets.


Dec. 8, 1910The San Diego City Council contracted with

                           rainmaker Charles Hatfield to fill Lake

                           Morena Reservoir for $10,000. 

                           After widespread flooding and several

                           deaths, the City demands that Hatfield

                           pay for damages.  Hatfield left town unpaid.


Dec. 9, 1886Ordinance No. 35 created a San Diego Fire

                           Department to be led by a chief engineer.


Dec. 9, 1914The Navy field hospital first established a presence in Balboa Park, moving form the base at North Island to the exposition grounds in  the park, where it remained until the spring of 1917 as part of the Panama-California Exposition.


Dec. 9, 1918The City Council rescinded the strict quarantine imposed because of the flu epidemic, but required everyone to wear gauze masks.


Dec. 10, 1898The cornerstone for a new State Normal School building at El Cajon and Park Boulevard was laid.  The central part was completed and dedicated May 1, 1899.


Dec. 11, 1845Pio Pico, governor of California, granted the 26,631 acre Rancho de la Nacion, where Chula Vista and National City now are, to his brother-in-law Juan Forster, also know as John Forster.


Dec. 11, 1890The city of Coronado incorporated.


Dec. 11, 1947The new San Diego Aqueduct was dedicated an put into operation as the Navy officially turned over control to the County Water Authority.


Dec, 12, 1930City Planning Commission approved plans for the development of Mission Bay Park as a state park.


Dec. 13, 1872John P. Young sold his interest in the Union to the partnership of Edward W. Bushyhead and Douglas Gunn.


Dec. 14, 1963Federal agents arrested John W. Irwin at his brother’s home in Imperial Beach and charged him with the kidmapping of Frank Sinatra Jr., a week earlier.


Dec. 17, 1849The first session of the California Legislature opened.  It lasted until April 20, 1850.  San Diego County sent E. Kirby Chamberlain to serve as its state senator and O. S. Witherby as assemblyman.


Dec. 17, 1903Orville & Wilbur Wright

                           accomplishes the first

                           powered flight, lasting 12

                           seconds and covering 120 feet. 

                           The Wright’s achievements lead

                           to rapid development of the

                           aircraft industry, of which San

                           Diego was and still is a major contributor to the trade.


Dec. 18, 1952Construction began on the second barrel of the San Diego Aqueduct.


Dec. 19, 1914The Marine Corps established a model camp on California Exposition grounds and marked the beginning of a permanent Marine Corps presence in San Diego.


Dec. 20, 1921The commanding officer of NAS San Diego was authorized to establish a school for training naval aviators in the use of “landplanes” to meet the needs of Pacific Fleet commands.


Dec. 21, 183413 votes are cast in San Diego’s first pueblo election.  Juan Osuna is elected fire alcalde (mayor) over Pio Pico.


Dec. 21, 1902Noted landscape architect Samuel Parsons Jr. of New York arrived in San Diego, employed to prepare plans for the development of the municipal park.


Dec. 22, 1941A new annex to the Naval Training Station was established in Balboa Park.  It was later named Camp Kidd after Rear Adm. Isaac Kid.


Dec. 23, 1910Lt. Theodore Ellyson was ordered to report to the Glenn Curtiss Aviation Camp at North Island to become the first naval officer to undergo flight training.


Dec. 23, 1920The 784-seat Kinema theater opened at 207 E. Grand Ave. in Escondido with “The Mask of Zorro” starring Douglas Fairbanks.



Dec. 30, 1853James Gadsden, the U.S. minister to Mexico, and General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, the president of Mexico, sign the Gadsden Purchase in Mexico City. The treaty settled the dispute over the location of the Mexican border west of El Paso, Texas, and established the

                           final boundaries of the

                           southern United States.


Dec. 31, 1914The Organ Pavilion in Balboa Park

                           is dedicated.  A gift of John D.

                           Spreckles, some 60,000

                           people attend the ceremony.


Dec. 31, 1914At midnight, President Woodrow Wilson presses a Western Union telegraph key in Washington, D. C. which turns on lights and touches off a display of fireworks to open the Panama-California exposition in Balboa Park.


Dec. 31, 1919The Navy formally establishes base at San Diego, including air station, fuel depot, naval hospital, Marine barracks and radio stations.


Dec. 31, 1971President Richard Nixon signed the National Air Quality Control Act, which called for a 90 percent reduction in automobile emissions by 1975. The act also tightened air-pollution controls and fines in other industries.

Camp Lockett

San

Pasqual

Battle

Pete

Wilson

Japan’s

attack on

Pearl Harbor

Charles

Hatfield

Orville & Wilbur Wright

The Organ Pavilion in Balboa Park

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